Sunday, February 23, 2020

Kevin B. Jones : Why curiosity is the key to science and medicine


Kevin B. Jones·TEDxSaltLakeCity
Why curiosity is the key to science and medicine
Summary
This was a shocking story for not only us and patients but also scientists and doctors because something that has been scientifically proven is not forever and it’s possible to appear the next outlier and exception soon.

The speaker tells us that people strongly believe that the textbook of medicine is closed too much. We have to understand that science is a learning process that involves experimentation, failure, and revision. It’s still continuing. It means that every encounter with medicine is still an experiment but in a similar situation, there are many things that scientists and doctors don’t know and the outcome is not known also. Thus with curiosity, doctors and patients humbly have to face science and medicine.
In the article, there was a better example which through humbly curious communication and conversations, the speaker and a patient began to try and learn new things to treat a rare sarcoma. If scientists are humble and curious, bad examples must have anther result.

We shouldn’t forget that science remains curious enough to look for and humble enough to recognize.

P.S. l like the speaker’s phrase: "nowhere."  If "nowhere" has one space, "no where," becomes "now here," the exact opposite meaning. I was often confused about it for a long time, though, I understood this time!

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Marilyn Waring : The unpaid work that GDP ignores — and why it really counts


Marilyn Waring·TEDxChristchurch
The unpaid work that GDP ignores — and why it really counts
Summary
I knew about the meaning of the word “LEISURE” just a few days before reading the article and I was shocked. It means that we must think that it’s free time for enjoyment, although it’s not wrong, it’s free from work or other demands and duties. Frankly, it’s including not only shopping, going somewhere but also cleaning, vacuuming, sweeping, preparing food, laundry, sleeping and so on thus something is not enjoyable, right!?
And then, the number of GDP: gross domestic products is used to measure how your country is growing. It’s measured everything that involved a marked transaction but it doesn’t matter whether the exchange is legal or illegal. For Example, drugs and even the trafficking of people. It all counts, though, cleaning, vacuuming, sweeping, preparing food and etc. Those are served for families and children very hard, women think that those are really hard works, though, it doesn’t count at all. When you stop buying water of a pet bottle for our Earth or when you don’t go to work to study, it doesn’t count so those unpaid works are ignored.

Now, even economists must know about what is the most valuable thing and the number of GDP doesn’t work well, though, the number of GDP continues to be used. The speaker works to stop or rethink using this.

I think that Japanese people have to rethink this the most because when people think about the number of GDP, they struggle that works are too busy, all things are too expensive and it’s difficult to have children.

David Ikard : The real story of Rosa Parks — and why we need to confront myths about black history


David Ikard·TEDxNashville
The real story of Rosa Parks — and why we need to confront myths about black history
Summary
This is the story that I have to read because in Japan also, there is some history that we need to confront, so not only about black history but also many histories in the world are often watered down, riddled with inaccuracies and stripped historical figures. Is it better for us and the future to talk real histories, this time is anout Rosa Parks, as benign and digestible stories?

The speaker tells us that it’s wrong. This was a burden that our parents carried thus any more, children and future should not be thinking about having to take responsibility. However, even teachers don't teach children correct histories but white authors also couldn’t write true black myths. They say that white Americans have a serious, serious problem.
And then the speaker says honestly, “l don’t know if race relation will improve in America, but l know that if they will improve, we have to take these challenges on head on. The future of our children depends on it, whether you know it or not, though”.

How do people think about the power and impotence of historical accuracy?

Word in this story
BS /North American vulgar slang used as a euphemism for “bullshit.”

Debbie Millman : How symbols and brands shape our humanity


Debbie Millman·TEDWomen 2019
How symbols and brands shape our humanity
Summary
We can perceive something in markets through symbols and brands. Human unconsciously thinks about living better while creating groups and communities.
Thus the speaker explains that branding is the profound manifestation of the human spirit and the condition of branding has always reflected the condition of our culture.
And then today, with the internet, all things have possibilty to become universally recognizable in a very short time. Why can’t we use it to get the highest benefit of the branding?
There are symbols and brands to unite people in the communication of shared ideals.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Lucy King·TEDWomen 2019 How bees can keep the peace between elephants and humans


Lucy King·TEDWomen 2019
How bees can keep the peace between elephants and humans
Summary
First, l thought why bees could keep a peace between elephants and humans and after reading, the story was a really great story.

We must have heard stories that for protecting elephants, it’s important to stop the ivory trade. However, when the human population continues increasing, people continue using lands and many resources, elephants come to their spaces to search for food and water by breaking fences. Elephants trample and eat your crops which you planted hard and food in stores.

In this human-elephant conflict, the speaker who is a zoologist knew about a theory that African elephants and African bees wouldn’t interact at all. She thought that if there are bees on the fences that elephants break always, elephants must be unable to come there. Elephants are really smart animals and they must remember that these are dangerous areas.
In fact, it halved the cost of the fence because elephants don’t come there. The speaker’s ideas are really great.
Dummy beehive is made, for not to get close, piping bee sounds, for raising bees, planting flowers, for people getting money, selling honey, making oils lip balms and baskets that are made from those plant and so on. If elephants brake fences, they don’t eat plants because in there, plants which they don’t want to eat are planted now.
When people afford to eat, they can be tolerant, and have empathy. It can move from a state of conflict with elephants to true coexistence.

Saturday, January 25, 2020

Priti Krishtel : Why are drug prices so high? Investigating the outdated US patent system


Priti Krishtel·TEDWomen 2019
Why are drug prices so high? Investigating the outdated US patent system
Summary
The story starts from a really romantic destiny part.
The speaker’s father seemed to study creating new drugs and the speaker helps to get its patent. If the drug that her dad created would be released 15 years before, her husband’s father might be saved.

Now, many drugs are invented, though, those don’t achieve people who really need it. It’s because there is a patent wall.

The parent wall is a strategy to block competition, though, it’s already the outdated system if America tries to export drugs to the rest of the world, it takes much time to issue because it’s complicated and the cost is expensive.

Not only the pharmaceutical industries are bad but the speaker suggests that the system that many poor people can use it, more new better drugs will be invented by many industries so the patent system should serve the public and corporations.

The speaker has five reforms.
1) To stop handing out so many patents because much money is used for changing only a little tweak.
2)To change the financial incentives of the Patent Office because involving a number of patents means to need much money.
3)To be able to be participated by more public people because Patent Offices should become a dynamic center by mixing citizens but the patent system is now like a black box.
4)To get the right to go to court. When so many people die or medicines are priced out of reach, we can use a court to change it.
5)To have strong oversight. The patent that is only testing is not an invention.

The patent that is to build monopolies, block competition and drive prices up is very important thus it shouldn’t become outdated.

Ernesto Sirolli Want to help someone? Shut up and listen!


Ernesto Sirolli·TEDxEQChCh
Want to help someone? Shut up and listen
Summary
The speaker must be Italian because his humor, his tomato’s story, and laughter of auditions make me feel it. He has been completely different from the usual speakers who are American or Englishmen. When he couldn’t succeed in agriculture in some African countries, his question was why you told him. In fact, the answer that he received was that he never asked.

I think that the answer is really true. It means that something that we can do and we want to do is really different to what other people want and need.

In Africa, we used much money because we wanted people who don’t have food to eat enough, though, money is used up soon so they need the system that they can continue to do and to eat all their lives. We mustn’t realize it completely but we never listen to it.

What do you need? What can you do? Can you make it? Can you sell it? Can you look after the money? Those are really important when we help someone.

Words in this story
well intentioned /adj/ having or showing good intentions despite a lack of success or fortunate results
entrepreneurial /adj/